Several thousand years ago, the Bible recorded that the earth is round and that it is hung on nothing.
“It is He who sits above the circle of the earth” (Isa. 40:22).
“He stretches out the north over empty space; He hangs the earth on nothing” (Job 26:7).
Yet, the Qur’an challenges these established scientific facts. In many places, it alludes to the fact that the earth is flat and its mountains are like poles which create a balance so that the Earth does not tilt. Let us consider what the Qur’an says about the Earth:
In chapter 88:17,20, it is recorded,
“Will they not regard the camels how they are created…and the Earth how it is spread?”
In page 509, the Jalalan says,
“In his phrase, ‘how it is spread’, he denotes that the earth is flat. All the scholars of Islamic law agree upon this. It is not round as the physicists claim.”
The Qur’anic teaching is obvious from the comment of Jalalan that “the earth is flat and not round as the scientists claim”. What made Jalal al-Din say so is that the Qur’an hints in many chapters that the earth is flat(refer to 19:6, 79:30,
18:7, and 21:30). Also the Qur’an indicates that:
“We have placed in the earth firm hills lest it quake so as not to sway and hurt people” (21:31).
Scholars who agree upon the meaning of this verse believe as the Jalalan states (pp. 270-271),
“God has founded firm mountains on earth lest it shake people.”
On page 429, al-Baydawi says,
“God has made firm mountains on earth lest it sway people and quake. He also made heaven as a ceiling and kept it from falling down!”
The Zamakhshari agrees with the above authors and reiterates the same words (refer to Zamakhshari part 3, p. 114).
In the Qur’an (chapter 50:7), we find another verse which carries the same meaning,
“And the earth have we spread out, and have flung firm hills therein” (Surah Qaf: 7).
This is accompanied by the same comment by the above Muslim scholars (refer to Jalalan, p. 437; Baydawi, p. 686, Tabari, p. 589, and Zamakhshari, part 4, p. 381). All of them assure us that “if it were not for these unshakable mountains, the earth would slip away.”
Zamakhshari, the Baydawi and the Jalalan say: “God has built heaven without pillars but He placed unshakable mountains on Earth lest it tilts with people.” Concerning chapter 50:7, the Suyuti says that scholars indicate that “Qaf is a mountain which encompasses the entire earth” (refer to Itqan, part 3, p. 29). Qaf is an Arabic L like K.
These are the comments of the ancient Muslim scholars word for word. Even some Saudi scholars wrote a book a few years ago to disprove the spherical aspect of the earth and they claimed that it is a myth, agreed with the above mentioned scholars, and said we must believe the Qur’an and reject the spherical aspect of the earth.
It is also well-known that the Qur’an proclaims that there are seven earths—not just one (refer to the commentary of the Jalalan, p. 476, al-Baydawi, p. 745 as they interpret chapter 61:12, Surah Divorce: 1 2).
It is very clear that the sun does not traverse the heaven and set down in a murky, muddy well, or slimy water, or a place which contains both of them as the Baydawi, Zamakhshari, and the Qur’an remark.
Nor is the earth flat and the mountains the pillars and the towerings which prevent the earth from moving as the Qur’an and the scholars said. Nor is there a mountain which encompasses the whole earth—nor are there seven earths.
Neither is the lightning an angel whose name is Rafael, nor is the thunder an angel. It never happened that the angel Gabriel inspired Muhammad to write a complete chapter about his friend the angel thunder! The thunder and lightning are natural phenomena and not God’s angels like Michael and Gabriel as the prophet of Islam claims
by Ali Sina